Cloud computing, big data and security are the three technological fronts in which most of the job offers will be focused in the 2019, but the number of possible professions, in continuous evolution, within these areas are many and often even unknown to most. Let’s look at 10 digital professionals most requested in 2019.
In January 2016, the World Economic Forum (WEF) published ‘The Future of Jobs’, a research that illustrates the evolution of work up to 2020 based on the information gathered from the HR managers of 350 of the world’s leading companies (including 150 are included in the Fortune 500).
Altogether these companies represent around 13 million employees. The analysis refers to 15 of the major countries in the world (including China, India, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, the UK and the USA). Detailed information is provided on nine sectors: Industry and Construction, Commerce, Energy, Financial Services, Healthcare, ICT, Media & Entertainment, Logistics, Professional Services. In the next 5 years technological and demographic factors will profoundly influence the evolution of work. Some (such as cloud technology and job flexibility) are already affecting the dynamics and will do so even more over the next 2-3 years. The effect, according to the report, will cause the creation of 2.1 million new jobs, but at the same time 7.1 will disappear, with a negative net balance, therefore, of over 5 million jobs. The new 2.1 million jobs will be created in areas such as “architecture and engineering” and “computers and mathematics”. From this graph contained in the WEF research the sectors in which jobs will grow and where they will decrease will emerge.
The professions that will grow
Overall, according to a report drawn up in 2016 by the US Department of Labor (DoL), the Information Technology and Information Technology sector will see an average growth of 13% between 2016 and 2026. This increase will have a positive impact on the number of jobs. The DoL estimates that over the course of the decade in question, more than half a million jobs will be created, with a demand increasingly focused on “cloud computing, big data collection and storage and Information Security”. The report refers to the US, but may be indicative of a global trend “.
Let’s see which professions will be among the most requested in 2019 …
Designs, writes and verifies codes for new systems and software in order to guarantee quality and efficiency. It deals with all the processes related to the design and creation of new systems, from the initial planning, from the choice of parameters to the design, through to writing, coding, encryption and verification. This process is generally carried out by a team of software developers, where each member takes care of a particular phase of the process and a supervisor monitors the entire project. Average pay estimated by the US Department of Labor: $102,280 per year.
Computer Support Specialist
Provides technical support to a company, to customers of a company or to the staff of a company using the software to provide suggestions. The computer support specialist can have a variety of titles, from specialist in technical support to IT specialist. You become a computer support specialist obtaining a degree in computer science or other technological areas. It is preferable to have behind one or two years of formal or informal training with industry experts.
Computer Systems Architect
Develops and implements computer systems and networks for organizations and companies. He is the one who defines the architecture of a system so as to satisfy certain requests. Defining an architecture can mean dividing the system into various components, defining interfaces and interactions between the components, and deciding which technologies and resources to use in the design. The Systems Architects must understand how computer systems must be used, how much stress they can bear and what is needed for the design of the system.
Network and Computer Systems Administrator
Companies depend largely on their networks, so any network related problem must be solved quickly and completely. A computer systems administrator takes care of a company’s workflow and keeps its lines of communication open. It is responsible for the creation, configuration and operations of IT systems, in particular multi-user computers such as servers. In addition to identifying and resolving network problems, this professional must update all the equipment and software.
Using programming languages develops software applications that meet specific needs. It is present above all in software houses, companies that create computer programs for the most diverse sectors of activity. He works closely with the computer analyst, a figure that identifies the needs of the client and defines the requirements of the software to be created.
The programmer is responsible for operationally creating the applications, writing the instructions in the form of lines of code based on specific programming languages. Attention: according to the DoL report, the computer programmer is the only profession expected to fall between now and 2026: an 8% drop, mainly due to an increase in outsourcing in emerging economies.
The Web developer, or web developer, deals with the design, implementation, integration and verification of the software used in a site or in a web application. In recent years the activities necessary for the development of a website have undergone a considerable transformation, therefore, from an essentially static information container, the website has now evolved into a real engine capable of offering complex services and features. Therefore the web developer must implement mechanisms that allow easy execution of certain operations.
Computer Network Architects
A Computer Network Architect designs and builds data communication networks such as local networks (LAN), but also Wan and Intranet networks. These networks range from a small connection between two offices to communication systems of a multinational company distributed globally. A network architect must have an extensive knowledge of a company’s business plan to design a network that can help that company achieve its goals. Average pay estimated by the DoL: 101,210 dollars per year.
It deals with installing, configuring and managing data storage systems, more or less complex, available for consultation and often updated via computer. Configure database accesses, monitor storage systems, take care of server maintenance, security of internal and external access to the database and define company policies for using and using the resources made up of the database. Among its main tasks is to preserve the security and integrity of the data contained in the archive using all the techniques and devices suitable for this purpose.
Information Security Analyst
It is the one who adopts the necessary measures to protect the sensitive and mission-critical data of a company trying to always stay ahead of the cyber-attacks. Its task is to identify innovative solutions to prevent critical information from being stolen, damaged or compromised by hackers. Average annual salary: $ 92,600.
Computer and Information Research Scientist
Invent and design new technology and identify new uses for existing technology. It studies and solves complex problems in computer science for business, science, medicine and other uses. He works mainly for computer system design companies, R&D companies or for the US federal government. Average annual salary: 111.840 dollars.
Chief Data Scientist
Multidisciplinary and ability to work in a team: these are the two main characteristics that are required of a Data Scientist today. A profession with blurred outlines, between technology and business, but which is finding an increasingly strong recognition in the world of companies and organizations, which are investing to bring new skills into the home or to redevelop those figures that until yesterday they are “limited”, the quotation marks are allowed, the data analysis . In addition to the basic tools, you need skills in software engineering, statistics, machine learning, algebra, multivariate analysis, data munging, data visualization, data communication. We need an ability to think outside the box and without prejudice, because unlike the data analyst the data scientist operates without knowing if and what relationships exist between the data; need, even more, the ability to work in teams.